CMA applies a holistic approach to stormwater infrastructure, considering existing facilities, water quality, resiliency, and Sea Level Rise. Following the Urban Land Institute (ULI) recent recommendation for stormwater improvements in the face of Sea Level Rise, CMA will work with the City to incorporate not only “gray” infrastructure, but also incorporate “blue” and “green” infrastructure. “Gray” refers to engineered components, such as raising roads, drainage inlets, pipes, drainage wells, outfalls, and potentially pump stations. The “blue” and “green” infrastructure refers to natural methods of stormwater treatment and attenuation, such as bioswales, curbed rain gardens, and living shorelines. These components are additional tools in the toolbox to reduce rainfall runoff and add water quality treatment. In addition to building resiliency and sustainability into the stormwater system, items like bioswales reduce the heat island effect common to areas with large amounts of impervious area.